Space JC, Waterhouse BM, Miles JE, Tiobech J, Rengulbai K, 2003. 5-Year Review. Sterols of Kalanchoe pinnata: First report of the isolation of both C-24 epimers of 24-alkyl-DELTA-25-sterols from a higher plant. Statistics. 2010g, US Fish and Wildlife Service, blossfeldiana Family: Crassulaceae. New Hawaiian plant records for 2000. (Crassulacees-Kalanchoidees). Recommended Temperature Zone: Sunset®: 17, 21-25, 27 USDA: 10-11. Morton (1990) has reviewed the medicinal uses of K. pinnata. Its quadrangular, fleshy but woody-based…. Crassulaceae. Two varieties of K. pinnata are recognized in a revision of the Kalanchoe of Madagascar (Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995), namely K. pinnata var. Family: Crassulaceae Subfamily: Sedoideae Tribe: Kalanchoeae Genus: Kalanchoe. A Geographical Atlas of World Weeds. is a leaf feeder and particularly damaging to plants in the field. Flora of Tropical East Africa. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Flaming Katy (Engl.) Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Final Designation or Nondesignation of Critical Habitat for 95 Plant Species From the Islands of Kauai and Niihau, HI; Final Rule. You can also browse succulents by Scientific Name, Common Name, Family, USDA Hardiness Zone, Origin, or cacti by Genus. Plantas vasculares naturalizadas no arquipélago da Madeira.) This corresponds to a period of rapid urban development in this holiday/tourist area. DAISIE (online). The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Mutation Research, 302:109-117, Olajide OA, Awe SO, Makinde JM, 1998. Kalanchoe isometric virus (KIV) was identified in crude sap of K. pinnata plants showing a mild mosaic on the leaves (Izaguirre-Mayoral et al., 1990). Candollea, 26:103-107, Friedmann F, 1975. 2010f, US Fish and Wildlife Service, (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba). Section C, Biosciences, 52(7/8):441-449; [4 pl. https://ecos.fws.gov/docs/five_year_review/doc3343.pdf. Movement of K. pinnata into Oceania may have occurred with the Polynesian navigators or much later during European colonial times and to the present day. It has naturalized widely in the tropics where it has become invasive in many countries. Naturalized plants from foreign country into Japan., Japan: Research Institute for Bioresources, Okayama University, Laboratory of Wild Plant Science. Photosynthesis of arid and subtropical succulent plants. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011. Technical Paper - South Pacific Commission, No. 2010c, Psychotria grandiflora (large-flowered balsamo), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Fitoterapia, 61:527-534, Pal S, Chaudhuri AKN, 1991. Kalanchoe 'Tessa' (Pendent Flowered Kalanchoe), Kalanchoe rhombopilosa var. Nadkarni’s Indian Materia Medica. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.13 pp. Stanley TD, Ross EM, 1986. Plant Protection Quarterly, 17(2):77-80; 15 ref, Stanley TD, Ross EM, 1986. Paris, France: Karthala, Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007. While many botanists have adopted the APG III system of classification for the orders and families of flowering plants which places the Crassulaceae family in the order Saxifragales, the CAB Thesaurus continues to use the Cronquist system which places it under Rosales. It continues to be made available as a garden ornamental in many countries and is therefore likely to spread further. Washington DC, USA: Department of Biological Diversity of the Guianas Program, NMNH, Smithsonian Institution. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. Bishop Museum Occasional Paper, 68:3-18, Stevens PF, 2012. Adams C D, 1972. Other invasive plants such as Schinus terebinthifolia, Asparagus spp., Lantana camara and Passiflora sp. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. The aqueous extract of K. pinnata yielded bryophyllin B, with activity against the in vitro growth of tissue culture cells (Yamagishi et al., 1989). In: Recovery Outline for the Kauai Ecosystem : US Fish and Wildlife Service.38 pp. 2011d, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Manual de identificación y manejo de malezas en Galápagos. 2011b, Lobelia monostachya (Waianae Range lobelia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Noteworthy Characteristics. In host range trials, Alcidodes sedi could complete its development on a number of Bryophyllum and Kalanchoe species but failed to develop on other related species in the Crassulaceae (ABR Witt, ARC-PPRI, South Africa, unpublished data, 2004). Micronesica, 15:222, Friedmann F, 1971. In west tropical Africa, the leaf juice is fed into a newborn infant's mouth, while an infusion is drunk by the child and the mother (Dalziel, 1937). Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta. Report to the Republic of Palau on Invasive Species of Environmental Concern., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Ignoring this ominous common name, I was captivated by the highly ornamental leaf (that's all I was given) … The European Garden Flora. 848 pp. Micronesica, 6:291, Supratman U, Fujita T, Akiyama K, Hayashi H, 2000. http://www.theplantlist.org/, Ting IP, 1989. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 107:15-34, Batygina TB, Bragina EA, Titova GE, 1996. 209: 124 pp, Taylor WR, 1926. These plantlets can also be formed on the inflorescences. The Plant List (2010) has Bryophyllum pinnatum as the preferred name, while USDA-ARS (2013) uses K. pinnata, and only lists Bryophyllum as a non-preferred name for all species. In: Flora Zambesiaca, 7 3-74. [English title not available]. Analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic effects of Bryophyllum pinnatum. Contribution of the United States National Herbarium, 9:69-71, Sawhney S, Bansal A, Sawhney N, 1994. Kalanchoe globulifera H. Perrier var coccinea: Common names: Flaming Katy (Engl.) Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Honolulu, USA: University of Hawaii Press, Wickens GE, 1987. Some species of Kalanchoe are characterized by the capability to produce plantlets in notches at the margin of the leaf blade. The juice of leaves of K. pinnata has antibiotic activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Boakye-Yiadom, 1977). Florida EPPC's 2011 Invasive Plant Species List. http://server.rib.okayama-u.ac.jp/wild/index.html. Web Listing of Plants of the Guiana Shield (for Anthophyta A-L) and the Guianas. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Propagation is either by seeds, suckers from the base of the plant or by the formation of daughter plantlets along the edges of detached leaves (epiphyllous buds) and inflorescences. Zeitschrift fu^umlaut~r Naturforschung. D. B. Taraporevala Sons & Co. Ltd., 210 Hornby Rd., Bombay. Flora Zambesiaca, 7:3-74, Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. by Witt A, Luke Q]. Environmental weed invasions on south-east Queensland foredunes. Honolulu, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 177, Sparkes EC, Grace S, Panetta FD, 2002. In: Isodendrion longifolium (aupaka). + appendices. Root and shoot initiation occurs 9 and 12 days after leaf detachment, respectively (Sawhney et al., 1994).Batygina et al. Lipids 26(8):660-665. Journal of Phytopathology, 130(4):303-311, Kirtikar K, Basu B, 1935. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/research/APweb/, Stone B, 1970. Indian Journal of Plant Physiology, 37:229-236, Siddiqui S, Faizi S, Siddiqui BS, Sultana N, 1989. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Flavonoid glycosides from Kalanchoe pinnata. Kalanchoe pinnata, formerly known as Bryophyllum pinnatum, also known as the air plant, cathedral bells, life plant, miracle leaf, and Goethe plant is a succulent plant native to Madagascar, which is a popular houseplant and has become naturalized in tropical and subtropical areas. pinnata reproduces both sexually and vegetatively. Copyright © 2013-2020 World of Succulents. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Kalanchoe paniculata. 2010b, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Indian Phytopathology, 26(3):609-610, Li HL, Liu TS, Huang TC, Koyama T, DeVol CE, 1977. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Honolulu, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, 51, Space J, Flynn T, 2002. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea membranacea (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.9 pp. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2004. Observations on invasive plant species in American Samoa. Å»yworódka pierzasta (Kalanchoe pinnata) może być stosowana zarówno zewnętrznie jak i wewnętrznie (z umiarem, uwzględniając i tu nasercowy wpływ żyworódki) - przeciwwskazania poniżej. American Journal of Botany, 19:32-40, New York Botanical Garden, 2003. International Plant Science Center Virtual Herbarium, New York, USA. Christmas kalanchoe: ... Kalanchoe is a succulent, compact herb, growing to a height of 30 to 45 centimeters. Bryophyllin B, a novel potent cytotoxic bufadienolide from Bryophyllum pinnatum. Lublin, Poland, BDG Program, 2003. by González-Torres LR, Rankin R, Palmarola A]. Kalanchoe Scientific Name: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Poelln. Symposium of the International Society of Plant Morphology, Delhi, India, Mort ME, Soltis DE, Soltis PS, Francisco-Ortega J, Santos-Guerra A, 2001. Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Crassulacean Acid Metabolism. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Poa mannii (Mann's bluegrass) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.10 pp. American Journal of Botany, 88(1):76-91, Morton JF, 1990. Hormonal regulation of epiphyllous bud release and development in Bryophyllum calycinum. In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea kauaiensis (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.6 pp. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawaii, Revised ed. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural), supplement 8:281 pp, Smith AC, 1985. Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. The epiphyllous buds differentiate by producing two roots from the lower side, followed by a shoot from the upper side from which the first pair of leaves emerges. Flower. Price Rs.5 as.14, Dobremez JF, Shakya PR, Camaret S, Vigny F, Eynard-Machet R, 2002. Undesirable plants in Cuban crops. 2008b, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Kalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells); growth habit, showing a dense stand. Liepzig, Germany, 352-483, Boakye-Yiadom K, 1977. Three insect species, Spilosoma lutescens, Leptomyrina phidias (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) and an unknown Aphthona sp. + 3 maps. Movement of K. pinnata to the Caribbean and South America may have occurred after the arrival of early European traders in the Indian Ocean or possibly during the slave trade from West Africa. Fitoterapia, 69:249-252, Oliver-Bayer B, 1986. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. Kunjun F, Gilbert MG, 2001. Space J, Flynn T, 2002a. viridifolia (Pies from Heaven) is a form of Kalanchoe rhombopilosa with very thick, wider deep or fresh green…, Kalanchoe beauverdii (Beauverd's Widow's-thrill) is a climber with branching, gray, wiry stems that clamber and twine and hold green to…, Kalanchoe thyrsiflora (Paddle Plant) is a succulent plant often confused with Kalanchoe luciae. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. 5-Year Review Short Form Summary: Remya montgomeryi (no common name). 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Remya kauaiensis (no common name). Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. In: Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias (hongos, plantas y animales terrestres) [ed. http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, BSr W, Pfeifer P, Dettner K, 1997. Kalanchoes are one of the easiest of all blooming plants to grow. Scientific Classification. 146. Fosberg F R, Sachet M H, Oliver R, 1979. In vegetative reproduction, suckers are produced from the base of the plant and daughter plantlets are formed along the edges of detached leaves (epiphyllous buds). pinnata cannot withstand trampling by animals and therefore only tends to thrive on rock piles and along fence lines in pastures.Associations 1-140. In tropical East Africa, K. pinnata is found in riverine areas, amongst rocks and also in the shade of trees in areas ranging in altitude from 10 to 1600 m (Wickens, 1987). In: Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6 [ed. Ultrastructural studies of infected leaves indicated that KIV caused an increase in chloroplast volume, distortion of the grana and reduced the number of thylakoids per granum. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, Onwuliri VA, Anekwe GE, 1992. (2002) conjectured that these poor results may have been due to insufficient wetting agent and poor penetration of these herbicides through the plant's waxy cuticle. Oxford, UK: Pergamon, 1-26, PIER, 2004. It belongs to the Crassulaceae family and it is closely related to the jade plant. Online Database. Phytochemistry, 11:1500-1502, Gaind KN, Gupta RL, 1974. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Phyllostegia knudsenii (no common name). Flora of Taiwan., 3 12. – rodzaj roślin z rodziny gruboszowatych.Liczy kilkadziesiąt gatunków rosnących w tropikalnych obszarach na obu półkulach. http://ecos.fws.gov/docs/five_year_review/doc3809.pdf. Kulu`i (Nototrichium humile). New Zealand Plant Names Database. Invasive Species in the Pacific: A Technical Review and Draft Regional Strategy. Carbon isotope ratios of the biomass of a plant are a convenient method for obtaining information about the frequency and variability of photosynthetic carbon assimilation pathways (Kluge et al., 1993). Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. 2010e, US Fish and Wildlife Service, by Wu Z, Raven PH]. London, UK; New York, USA: Macmillan Press, Izaguirre-Mayoral ML, Carballo O, Gil F, 1990. Some authors consider all Bryophyllum and Kitchingia species within a broadly circumscribed Kalanchoe (Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995; Rauh, 1995) while others consider all three as distinct genera when considering a larger set of morphological characters and evidence of polyphyly within Kalanchoe sensu lato (Lauzac-Marchal, 1974; Toelken, 1985; Wickens, 1987; Forster, 1997; Staples et al., 2002). 2010d, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Online Database. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. K. pinnata is a succulent glabrous glaucous perennial shrub 0.3-2 m high, with cylindrical erect, little-branched stems suckering at the base. Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6:1-140, Ham RCHJvan, 't Hart H, 1998. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Poa mannii (Mann's bluegrass). In: Recovery Plan for the Kauai Plant Cluster : US Fish and Wildlife Service.270 pp. Four species of Kalanchoe, including K. pinnata were responsible for 41 recorded poisoning incidents affecting 379 cattle in Queensland, Australia, between 1960 and 1984 (McKenzie and Armstrong, 1986). Medicinal plants of the Philippines. This is supported by studies on endogenous levels of these hormones (Henson and Wareing, 1977), as well as cytokinin promotion and auxin inhibition of budding when applied exogenously to K. pinnata (Mohan Ram, 1963; Houck and Rieseberg, 1983). In Madagascar, K. pinnata is found in temperate and subhumid climates which receive between 1000 and 2000 mm of rain per annum (Paulian, 1984). In: Winter K, Smith JAC, eds. Most of the species interesting to collectors are coming from Madagascar or South Africa. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. In: Technical Paper - South Pacific Commission, Nouméa, New Caledonia: South Pacific Commission (Commission du Pacifique Sud). Holm LG, Pancho JK, Herberger JP, Plunkett PL, 1991. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 33:97-102, Pal S, Chaudhuri AKN, 1992. According to Naylor (1932), the primordia for the epiphyllous buds already exist in the leaf notches. American Journal of Botany, 19:443-453. Sparkes et al. The Plant List includes a further 71 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Kalanchoe.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Kensington, Australia: NSW University Press, 524-528, Fernandes R, 1983. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. The range in ratio values for K. pinnata indicates acquisition of external carbon by both the PEP and C<(sub)>3 pathways when external conditions such as light and water are altered. by Leistner OA]. Effects of leaf extracts of Eucalyptus and other plant species on the rooting of cuttings and seed germination of several plant species. UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanical Gardens. American Journal of Botany, 25:572-579, Batianoff GN, Butler DW, 2002. Beijing; St Louis, China; USA: Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Collingwood, Victoria, Australia CSIRO Publishing, 153-175, Uhl CH, 1948. Madagascar Key Environments. Determination of Endangered Status for 48 Species on Kauai and designation of Critical Habitat: Final Rule. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/palau_report.pdf. Flora of South East Queensland., Brisbane, Australia: Queensland Department of Primary Industries. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 51:313-318, Paulian R, 1984. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45:1-590, Kunjun F, Gilbert MG, 2001. by Harden GJ]. Fruits have four slender papery tubes enclosed in the base of the corolla tube and the seeds are ellipsoid-oblong approximately 0.5 mm long, obscurely longitudinally striate and brown (Stanley and Ross, 1986; Wickens, 1987; Evett and Norris, 1990; Wagner et al., 1999). (Pteridophyta y Spermatophyta). (1996) found that epiphyllous bud development in K. pinnata proceeds via embryoidogenesis (i.e. Invasion of sandy beachfronts by ornamental plant species in Queensland. Laboratoire d’Ecologie Alpine, France. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) were collected on K. pinnata in Madagascar. Rotterdam/Boston: AA Balkema, Winter K, Holtum JAM, 2002. Studies on the anti-ulcer activity of a Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extract in experimental animals. American Journal of Botany, 70:912-915, Huang ZhuoLie, Lin ShaoXiang, Tan ShaoMan, Lin SongYu, Yang GuoQing, Mo XiaoYong, 1997. Morphogenesis of propagules in viviparous species Bryophyllum daigremontianum and B. calycinum. Kalanchoe pinnata var. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae. Their bloom time is incredibly long for a houseplant. Report to the Government of the Cook Islands on Invasive Plant Species of Environmental Concern., Honolulu, USA: USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. The PLANTS Database, Version 3.5. Three new records of fungal diseases of economic plants in Maharashtra State. In Queensland, Australia, K. pinnata was ranked 47 of 200 invasive naturalized plants (Batianoff and Butler, 2002). More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 29:245-266, Nadkarni A, 1954. Plant parasitic nematodes of the Pacific. The family Crassulaceae includes about 34 genera and 1400 species distributed mostly in arid and dry regions in Mexico, Africa (Cape region), South America and Australia (Stevens, 2012). Flora of New South Wales 1. Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii, USA: National Tropical Botanic Gardens, 758 pp, Soria M, Taylor U, Tye A, Wilkinson SR, 2002. BDG Program, 2003. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation : US Fish and Wildlife Service.28 pp. Flower Color: Red, yellow, orange, pink, purple, white and a variant of these Bloom Time: Late autumn to early winter. 2010k, US Fish and Wildlife Service, 192 pp. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Australian Veterinary Journal, 72(11):425-427; 11 ref, Safford W, 1905. In: Systematique, Ecophysiologie et Phytochimie, Paris, France: Karthala. Bryophyllum. In: Flora of New South Wales, 1 [ed. The robust red flowering specimens are rewarding garden plants, flowering for many weeks. It is relatively drought intolerant and may become almost totally defoliated during periods of extended drought (Forster, 1985). Kalanchoe, (Kal-LAHN-sho) or (Kal-uhn-KOH-ee) is a genus of about 125 flowering succulent plants native to Africa and Asia.They boast colorful foliage, dazzling blooms and an intriguing range of shapes and textures. leiopoda (no common name). In: Scaevola coriacea (dwarf naupaka). [1951.] Frost Tolerance: Semi hardy in Phoenix, freezes at 26°F (-3°C) and the dagger nematode Xiphinema brevicolle (Orton Williams, 1980). The Plant List includes 305 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Kalanchoe.Of these 73 are accepted species names. Kalanchoe, żyworódka, płodnolist (Kalanchoe Adans.) In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Pritchardia napaliensis (loulu palm) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.10 pp. K. pinnata is recognized as a threat to island ecosystems by the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER, 2004). 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008. Taking cuttings from the flaming katy and propagating them (easily done) will allow a grower to create new plants and provide a higher chance of seeing more flowers if the parent plant decides it no longer wants to produce more (it's easier than being concerned about the parent re-flowering). New Zealand Plant Names Database., New Zealand: Landcare Research. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Kalanchoe pinnata var. http://www.univ-savoie.fr/labos/ldea/FloHy/infos.html, Enomoto T, 2001. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. Systematique, Ecophysiologie et Phytochimie. Seeds are available from commercial nurseries via mail-order catalogues and web-sites. Paris, France, Rauh W, 1995. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. González-Torres LR, Rankin R, Palmarola A, 2012. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau (1995) place K. pinnata in Group IX Proliferae with eight other closely related species, two of which have pinnate leaves and may be confused with K. pinnata. 51. In: Recovery Plan for Oahu Plants : US Fish and Wildlife Service.207 pp. A typical association for K. pinnata is at Nundah Creek near Brisbane, Australia, in a coastal heath verging on mangrove swamps. University of the West Indies, 267, Akihisa T, Kokke WCMC, Tamura T, Matsumoto T, 1991. Boggan J, Funk V, Kelloff C, Hoff M, Cremers G, Feuillet C, 1997. USDA-ARS, 2004. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The methanolic extract of leaves had activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Shigella dysenteriae and Proteus vulgaris, but not against Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Klebsiella pneumoniae (Akinpelu, 2000). Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). K. pinnata can be considered as an aneuploid with 6 (or 4) supplementary chromosomes and may be a recent derivation from an ancestor with n=17 or n=18 (Uhl, 1948).Physiology and Phenology In: Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45 1-590. Soria M, Taylor U, Tye A, Wilkinson SR, 2002. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Commonwealth Institute of Helminthology (on behalf of SPEC/UNDP/FAO/CAB). In efficacy tests (Sparkes et al., 2002), 2,4-D and fluroxypyr gave best control of K. pinnata with >90% kill rates. Kalanchoe is a genus of succulent flowering plants in the family Crassulaceae. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants. 2011a, Phyllostegia mollis (Waianae Range phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Botanica Acta, 106:320-324, Kluge M, Brulfert J, Ravelomanana D, Lipp J, Ziegler H, 1991. Invasive plants in Cuba. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2010. The elliptical, coarsely…, Kalanchoe rhombopilosa var. Lipids, 26:660-665, Akinpelu DA, 2000. by Sherley G]. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Ting I P, 1989. The methanolic extract of K. pinnata leaves showed significant anti-inflammatory activity on different experimental models (Pal and Chaudhuri, 1990, 1992). KIV infection also impaired the diurnal pattern of CAM synthesis and hydrolysis of starch. In: Polhill RM, ed. Photosynthesis of arid and subtropical succulent plants. Many Kalanchoe species show a high phenotypic variability in CAM expression with water relations, light intensity, photoperiod and the diel temperature regime being major modulating factors (Kluge and Brulfert, 1996). Some kalanchoe succulents will thrive indoors, while others are best grown outdoors in mild climates. The name came from the Chinese name "Kalan … Further studies on the anti-inflammatory profile of the methanolic fraction of the fresh leaf extract of Bryophyllum pinnatum. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, Serie D, 278:2505-2508, Leelavathy KM, 1973. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Meyer J Y, 2000. Neuropsychopharmacological profile of the methanolic fraction of Bryophyllum pinnatum leaf extract. 2009a, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Recovery Plan for the Maui Plant Cluster. Bryophyllum. http://www.mnh.si.edu/biodiversity/bdg/planthtml/index.html, Begossi A, Hanazaki N, Tamashiro JY, 2002. Description: Bushy plants often 12 to 15 inches tall with thick, fleshy leaves. The genus has a very wide distribution area. Allelopathic chemicals released from roots and fallen leaves may facilitate this invasion and displacement of native flora. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. 834 pp. Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on Invasive Plant Species of Environmental Concern. This makes it an ideal plant for low maintenance gardens especially in very warm regions and, if you need to cover a wide area with a stunning succulent, Kalanchoe tubiflora will do it in a very short time. Austrobaileya, 5(1):113-119; 33 ref, Fosberg FR, Sachet MH, Oliver RL, 1979. Space J, Flynn T, 2002. vi + 260. This, plus the physiological activities mentioned above, may explain the traditional medicinal roles attributed to the plant. St. Albans, Herts. 524-528. However, it has also been found on the eastern seaboard, in the south, just north of Fort Dauphin (ABR Witt, ARC-PPRI, South Africa, personal communication, 2004). In: Schiedea spergulina var. A comparative study by d13C -analysis of crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) in Kalanchoe (Crassulaceae) species of Africa and Madagascar. Deliberate introductions of this plant are quite likely because it is such a popular garden ornamental and has medicinal properties. Scaevola coriacea (dwarf naupaka). Kalanchoes are native to Madagasgar and thrive in arid environments, making them popular succulents.Growers are drawn to Kalanchoe for its ease of care and interesting leaves and flowers, which bloom consistently throughout the year in response to daylight. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Stenogyne campanulata (no common name). Solanum sandwicense (Popolo 'aiakeakua). Preferred Names. Kensington, Australia: NSW University Press. However you choose to say it, this lovely plant is pretty to look at and easy to grow. Crassulaceae. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1995. It is possible that the introduction of K. pinnata to other islands and the lands adjoining the Indian Ocean occurred some time after this. In: Kew Bulletin Additional Series, London, UK: Royal Botanical Gardens. CAM was first described from K. pinnata (for a review, see Kluge and Ting, 1978). Flora Himalaya Database. Broome R, Sabir K, Carrington S, 2007.