Defining and naming themes. Introduction This chapter introduces thematic analysis (TA), a method that has become a widely-used tool for analysing qualitative data, both in psychology and beyond. PowerPoint slides from the Braun, Clarke & Hayfield Qualitative Methods Online Teaching & Learning Resources Collaboration (QMOTLRC) • Narration by Victoria … 1 Some very important starting information, 2 Ten fundamentals of qualitative research, 3 Planning and designing qualitative research, SECTION 2 Successfully collecting qualitative data, surveys stories diaries and secondary sources, SECTION 3 Successfully analysing qualitative data, 11 Analysing and interpreting patterns across data, SECTION 4 Successfully completing qualitative research, 12 Quality criteria and techniques for qualitative research, 13 Writing and communicating qualitative research, Successful Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for Beginners. Her current research interests include visible differences/disfigurements and the story completion method. Thematic analysis is a method for identifying, analysing, and reporting patterns (themes) within data. She is a feminist and critical psychologist whose … In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. We haven't found any reviews in the usual places. Using thematic analysis in psychology Virginia Braun 1 and Victoria Clarke 2 1 University of Auckland and 2 University of the West of England Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. What is Braun and Clarke’s Reflexive Thematic Analysis and when to use it? 2016;19(6):739–43. • A paper that considers some of the challenges of teaching TA to psychology undergraduates and outlines some strategies for … Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. More generally, it constitutes a cornerstone of qualitative data analysis. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. Drawing principally on Braun and Clarke’s (2013; 2006) work Cited by: 8 Publish Year: 2019 Author: Christian Herzog, Christian Handke, Erik Hitters Thematic Analysis : Data Driven Inductive And … V Braun, V Clarke, N Hayfield, G Terry. V … Int J Soc Res Methodol. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. We think thematic analysis (TA) offers a useful – and a relatively easy to teach and learn – basic introduction to qualitative analysis (see Braun & Clarke, 2006; 2012, 2013; Clarke & Braun, 2013); yet even teaching a fairly accessible approach like TA presents challenges in the classroom. Drawing on our experiences, and 38 responses from psychology students to a short qualitative survey on students’ … However, Clarke & Braun suggest it is more of an “analytic method” than a methodology, as it is theoretically … V Braun, V., & Clarke. Buy Successful Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for Beginners First by Virginia Braun, Victoria Clarke, Clarke, Victoria (ISBN: 9781847875822) from Amazon's Book Store. Published on September 6, 2019 by Jack Caulfield. Her research has focused on lesbian and gay parenting, same-sex and heterosexual relationships, sexual practices, sexualities and appearance, sexualities and higher education, and qualitative research methods. Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. Familiarization: This is the process of becoming familiar with the data through reading and re-reading interview transcripts. Uniquely, the authors provide a "patterns framework" to qualitative data analysis in this book, also known as "thematic analysis." It minimally organises and describes your data set in (rich) detail. Transition: As Braun and Clarke (2006) have argued, thematic analysis can be conducted within both realist/essentialist and constructionist paradigms, although the outcome and focus will be different from each. It emphasizes identifying, analysing and interpreting patterns of meaning within qualitative data. Thematic Analysis is a qualitative analytic method to help identify analyse and report patternisn qualitative data. 3507: 2013: Teaching thematic analysis: Overcoming challenges and developing strategies for effective learning. She has conducted ESRC and British Academy funded research on same-sex relationships and civil partnership. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. This discussion of commonalities, explaining why and when each method should be used, and in the context of looking at patterns, will provide students with complete … The authors walk students through a basic thematic approach, and compare and contrast this with other approaches. V Braun, V Clarke, P Weate. Please note that some file types are incompatible with some mobile and tablet devices. Phase payday loans in new jersey 1 – familiarization with all the data – was accomplished through reading and re-reading the profile texts and noting down initial reviews. About the author (2013) Virginia Braun is an Associate Professor in the School of Psychology at The University of Auckland, Auckland, Aotearoa/New Zealand. More generally, it constitutes a cornerstone of qualitative data analysis. Braun, V., & Clarke, V. Drawing principally on Braun and Clarke’s (2013; 2006) work Cited by: 8 Publish Year: 2019 Author: Christian Herzog, Christian Handke, Erik Hitters Thematic Analysis : Data Driven Inductive And … She has an ongoing interest in qualitative research and, with Victoria Clarke, developed a theoretically-flexible approach to thematic analysis. Phase Process Result Reflexivity Journal Entries; Phase 1: Read and re-read data in order to become familiar with what the data entails, paying specific attention to patterns that occur. Copy and paste the following HTML into your website. 2. Palgrave MacMillan, 2013. CrossRef Google Scholar She is also interested in the intersections between academic work and activism, and is involved in The New View Campaign's work around female genital cosmetic surgery. Braun and Clarke also argue that thematic analysis provides a great deal of flexibility and can be applied across different epistemological and ontological positions. QUALITATIVE RESEARCH IN SPORT EXERCISE AND HEALTH 10.1080/2159676X.2019.1704846 Braun, V., Clarke, V., & Hayfield, N. (2019). Clarke, V. & Braun, V. (2013). This discussion of commonalities, explaining why and when each method should be used, and in the context of looking at patterns, will provide students with complete confidence for their qualitative research journey. We think thematic analysis (TA) offers a useful – and a relatively easy to teach and learn – basic introduction to qualitative analysis (see Braun & Clarke, 2006, 2012, 2013; Clarke & Braun, 2013); yet even teaching a fairly accessible approach like TA presents challenges in the classroom. More generally, it constitutes a cornerstone of qualitative data analysis. Qualitative psychology: A practical guide to research methods, 222-248, 2015. Virginia "Ginny" Braun is a New Zealand psychology academic specialising in thematic analysis and gender studies.She is particularly known for her scholarship on the social construction of the vagina and designer vagina cosmetic surgery, body hair and heterosexuality. analysis desired. Thematic analysis is a method of analyzing qualitative data.It is usually applied to a set of texts, such as interview transcripts.The researcher closely examines the data to identify common themes – topics, ideas and patterns of meaning that come up repeatedly. Braun V, Clarke V. (Mis)conceptualising themes, thematic analysis, and other problems with Fugard and Potts’ (2015) sample-size tool for thematic analysis. Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. 3. In this brief commentary, we critically reflect on the use of thematic analysis, and particularly the approach to thematic analysis we have outlined, in counselling and psychotherapy research. Learning to do it provides the qualitative researcher with a foundation in the basic skills needed to engage with other approaches to Victoria Clarke is an Associate Professor in Sexuality Studies in the Department of Psychology at the University of the West of England, Bristol. Preliminary "start" codes and detailed notes. Published on September 6, 2019 by Jack Caulfield. Researchers must make their assumptions, epistemological/theoretical stance explicit when engaging and reporting thematic analysis Abstract. 2016;19(6):739–43. International journal of qualitative studies on health and well-being 9, 2014. We discuss the flexibility TA can offer, and highlight the need … *Shortlisted for the BPS Book Award 2014 in the Textbook Category* *Winner of the 2014 Distinguished Publication Award (DPA) from the Association for Women in Psychology (AWP)* Successful Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for Beginners is an accessible, practical textbook. For some, we provide a succinct summary of what they offer. 1709: 2013: Thematic analysis. Here are my … The Psychologist 26 (2), 120-123, 2013. What’s the difference between reflexive thematic analysis (e.g., ‘Braun & Clarke’) and other approaches? It sidesteps detailed theoretical discussion in favor of providing a comprehensive overview of strategic … Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. Reflexive thematic analysis is an approach to analysing qualitative data to … Fugard and H.W.W. Virginia Braun is an Associate Professor in the School of Psychology at The University of Auckland, Auckland, Aotearoa/New Zealand. Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. 1544: 2015: What can “thematic analysis” offer health and wellbeing researchers? Thematic Analysis is a qualitative analytic method to help identify analyse and report patternisn qualitative data. London: Sage; 2013. Thematic analysis is often understood as a method or technique in contrast to most other qualitative analytic approaches - such as grounded theory, discourse analysis, narrative analysis and interpretative … The theoretical approach of the analysis was taken from Braun and Clarke and inspired by their ‘six-phase guide’. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. Becoming familiar with the data. Login or create a profile so that you can create alerts and save clips, playlists, and searches. We think thematic analysis (TA) offers a useful – and a relatively easy to teach and learn – basic introduction to qualitative analysis (see Braun & Clarke, 2006; 2012, 2013; Clarke & Braun, 2013); yet even teaching a fairly accessible approach like TA presents … PowerPoint slides from the Braun, Clarke & Hayfield Qualitative Methods Online Teaching & Learning Resources Collaboration (QMOTLRC) • Narration by Victoria Clarke She has worked on projects related to heterosex, sexual health, cervical cancer prevention policy, sexuality and higher education, women's genital meanings and experiences, and female genital cosmetic surgery, and is current involved in a Marsden-funded project related to pornography (with Nicola Gavey & Linda Tyler; University of Auckland). They do so in a very engaging way that really brings the process to life for the reader. Braun V, Clarke V, Rance N. How to use thematic analysis with … Thematic analysis Victoria Clarke Department of Health and Social Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK Correspondence victoria.clarke@uwe.ac.uk & Virginia Braun School of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand Drawing on our experiences, and 38 responses from… APA Handbook of Research Methods in Psychology 2, 57-71, 2015. They began writing collaboratively about qualitative methods in 2006; their first output was a paper on thematic analysis that has proved rather popular (25,000 citations and counting on Google … 3506 * 2015: Thematic analysis. 3. Google Scholar. Drawing principally on Braun and Clarke’s (2013, 2006) work, the chapter outlines when the use of this method is suitable and makes practical suggestions about how to plan and conduct TA research. V Braun, V Clarke, N Hayfield, G Terry. It is concerned with the identification and analysis of patterns of meaning (themes) and constitutes a widely applicable, cost-effective and flexible tool for exploratory research. Teaching thematic analysis: Overcoming challenges and developing strategies for effective learning. V Clarke, V Braun. Political Science and International Relations, The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research in Psychology, CCPA – Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Thematic analysis Part 3: Six phases of reflexive thematic analysis Presentation by Victoria Clarke Associate Professor of Qualitative and Critical Psychology, UWE May 2019 2. Details of the Study That I Am Using to Illustrate the Method This particular method of analysis is based on a project that I have recently completed, which was about … Thematic analysis (TA) is a popular and foundational method of analyzing qualitative policy data. Handbook of Research Methods in Health Social Sciences, 843-860, 2019. We think thematic analysis (TA) offers a useful – and a relatively easy to teach and learn – basic introduction to qualitative analysis (see Braun & Clarke, 2006; 2012, 2013; Clarke & Braun, 2013); yet even teaching a fairly accessible approach like TA presents challenges in the classroom. It sidesteps detailed theoretical discussion in favor of providing a comprehensive overview of strategic tips and skills for starting and completing successful qualitative research. It was created by Braun and Clarke. They have come up with 6 stages into conducting Thematic Analysis. We outline what thematic analysis is, locating it in relation to other qualitative analytic methods that search for themes or patterns, and in relation to different … »Practical guidance and commentary on Braun and Clarke’s reflexive … Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. Thematic analysis is only recently recognized as a methodology on par with grounded theory or discourse analysis. Introduction. … These are the sources and citations used to research Thematic Analysis. The theoretical approach of the analysis was taken from Braun and Clarke and inspired by their ‘six-phase guide’. Sign into your Profile to find your Reading Lists and Saved Searches. Virginia Braun, Victoria Clarke Limited preview - 2013. 5. The authors walk students through a basic thematic approach, and compare and contrast this with other approaches. Please log in from an authenticated institution or log into your member profile to access the email feature. If a qualitative researcher decides to transcribe the data himself or herself, then the process of transcription will familiarize the qualitative researcher with the data. The process of data analysis in content analysis according to Elo and Kyngäs , and in thematic analysis according to Braun and Clarke is shown in Table 1. Handbook of Research Methods in Health Social Sciences, 843-860, 2019. She is perhaps best known for her collaboration with British psychologist Victoria Clarke around thematic analysis and qualitative … However, it also often goes further than this, and interprets various aspects of the research topic (Boyatzis, 1998). Gareth Terry Nikki Hayfield Victoria Clarke Virginia Braun. Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. This discussion of commonalities, explaining why and when each method should be used, and in the context of looking at patterns, will provide students … Recent guidelines for thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2013, p. 50) categorise suggestions by the type of data collection and the size of the 670 A.J.B. Braun and Clarke’s (2006) systematic and procedure that is accessible utilized through the analysis, … Virginia Braun and Victoria Clarke met as PhD students at Loughborough University where their research was supervised by pioneering feminist psychologists Professors Sue Wilkinson and Celia Kitzinger. V Clarke, V Braun, N Hayfield. According to the table, the preparation phase in content analysis and the phase of familiarizing with data in thematic analysis are equivalent. This chapter stresses the … Familiarization: This is the process of becoming familiar with the data through reading and re-reading interview transcripts. 'Virginia Braun and Victoria Clarke present a clear and comprehensive road map for executing a successful qualitative study. research (Braun & Clarke, 2006, 2013); it pinpoints and organizes the themes which the analyst deems to be important in the description of the phenomenon under study and are often associated with a specific research question (Daly et al., 1997). 4. We think thematic analysis (TA) offers a useful – and a relatively easy to teach and learn – basic introduction to qualitative analysis (see Braun & Clarke, 2006, 2012, 2013; Clarke & Braun, 2013); yet even teaching a fairly accessible approach like TA presents challenges in the classroom. Searching for themes. Thematic Analysis We (Virginia Braun & Victoria Clarke) have developed an extensive reading list, organised into sections, to help guide you through the diversity of approaches and practices around thematic analysis. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features, *Shortlisted for the BPS Book Award 2014 in the Textbook Category*. project (‘small’, ‘medium’,or‘large’). Thematic analysis is one of the most common forms of analysis within qualitative research. Generating initial codes. Uniquely, the authors provide a "patterns framework" to qualitative data analysis in this book, also known as "thematic analysis." List start codes in journal, along with a description of what each code means and the source of the code. This chapter introduces thematic analysis (TA), a method that has become a widely-used tool for analysing qualitative data, both in psychology and beyond. Her books include Out in Psychology: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and queer perspectives (Wiley) with Elizabeth Peel, and LGBTQ Psychology: An introduction (Cambridge University Press), with Sonja Ellis, Elizabeth Peel and Damien Riggs. Potts Downloaded by [University College London] at 06:21 07 October 2015 We distinguish between three main types of TA – our reflexive approach, coding reliability TA and codebook approaches, which include methods like template analysis and framework analysis. Producing the report. Braun V, Clarke V. (Mis)conceptualising themes, thematic analysis, and other problems with Fugard and Potts’ (2015) sample-size tool for thematic analysis. She is a feminist and critical psychologist whose research explores the intersecting areas of gender, bodies, sex//sexuality and health. Uniquely, the authors provide a "patterns framework" to qualitative data analysis in this book, also known as "thematic analysis." Thematic analysis Part 3: Six phases of reflexive thematic analysis Presentation by Victoria Clarke Associate Professor of Qualitative and Critical Psychology, UWE May 2019 2. Braun and Clarke’s (2006) systematic and procedure that is accessible utilized through the analysis, following a six stages that the writers have actually outlined. What is Thematic Analysis? Braun V, Clarke V. Successful qualitative research: a practical guide for beginners. 2013: Thematic analysis. This textbook will be an essential textbook for undergraduates and postgraduates taking a course in qualitative research or using qualitative approaches in a research project. 2. How to do thematic analysis. We first outline the history and context of TA, and identify key issues that need to be considered when conducting TA. 1. Reviewing themes. 6. Int J Soc Res Methodol. Uniquely, the authors provide a "patterns framework" to qualitative data analysis in this book, also known as "thematic analysis." Thematic Analysis (TA) is an accessible, flexible, and increasingly popular method of qualitative data analysis. Using thematic analysis in psychology Virginia Braun * & Victoria Clarke Department of Psychology Faculty of Applied Sciences The University of Auckland The University of the West of England Private Bag 92019 Frenchay Campus Auckland Bristol New Zealand BS16 1QY v.braun@auckland.ac.nz Victoria.clarke@uwe.ac.uk Ph: +64 9 3737599 x 87561 +44 117 3282176 Fax: +64 9 3737450 +44 117 … 3507 * 2019: Thematic analysis. Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. It was created by Braun and Clarke. She has developed a theoretically flexible approach to thematic analysis with Virginia Braun. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. We outline what thematic analysis is, locating it in relation to other qualitative analytic methods that search for themes or patterns, and in relation to different … For small projects, 6–10 participants are rec-ommended for interviews, 2–4 for focus groups, 10–50 for participant-generated … They have come up with 6 stages into conducting Thematic Analysis. It has been suggested that thematic analysis, as a flexible and useful research tool, provides a rich and detailed, yet complex, account of the data (Braun & Clarke, 2006). We first outline the history and context of TA, and identify key issues that need to be considered when conducting TA. The authors walk students through a basic thematic approach, and compare and contrast this with other approaches. The Psychologist, 26(2), 120–123. We outline what thematic analysis is, locating it in relation to other qualitative analytic methods that search for themes or patterns, and in relation to different … Fereday and Muir-Cochrane (2006) describe thematic analysis as being “a search for themes that emerge as being important to the description of the phenomenon” (p. 82). Teaching thematic Analysis: Overcoming challenges and developing strategies for effective learning. Please choose from an option shown below. TA requires a romantic understanding of the info (Braun and Clarke, 2006; Willig, 2013; Howitt, 2016), which into the study that is present attained by reading all profile texts, organizing them in word documents and re-reading them numerous times through the analytic procedure (Howitt, 2016). They began writing collaboratively about qualitative methods in 2006; their first output was a paper on thematic analysis that has proved rather popular (25,000 citations and counting on Google Scholar), and they have subsequently written numerous chapters on thematic analysis and qualitative methods, a prize-winning textbook Successful Qualitative Research (Sage, 2013), they have edited … Thematic analysis Victoria Clarke Department of Health and Social Sciences, University of the West of England, Bristol, UK Correspondence victoria.clarke@uwe.ac.uk & Virginia Braun School of Psychology, The University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand Braun and Clarke's six phases of thematic analysis. The first step was to become familiar with the data, which consisted of 12 papers, through ‘active reading’ ( Kiteley and Stogdon 2014 ) and using a table (Table 1 ) with six columns: authors, country, Internet issues, participants, methods and key findings. Revised on August 14, 2020. We discuss the flexibility TA can offer, and highlight the need for deliberate and careful research. How to do thematic analysis. Thematic analysis has been poorly branded, yet widely used in qualitative research (Braun & Clarke, 2006), and has been rarely appreciated in the same way as grounded theory, ethnography, or phenomenology.Braun and Clarke (2006) argued that thematic analysis should be a foundational method for qualitative analysis, as it provides core skills for conducting many other forms of qualitative analysis. Thematic analysis is a method of analyzing qualitative data.It is usually applied to a set of texts, such as interview transcripts.The researcher closely examines the data to identify common themes – topics, ideas and patterns of meaning that come up repeatedly. The first step was to become familiar with the data, which consisted of 12 papers, through ‘active reading’ ( Kiteley and Stogdon 2014 ) and using a table (Table 1 ) with six columns: authors, country, Internet issues, participants, methods and key findings. The authors walk students through a basic thematic approach, and compare and contrast this with other approaches. Using thematic analysis in psychology Virginia Braun 1 and Victoria Clarke 2 1 University of Auckland and 2 University of the West of England Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely acknowledged, yet widely used qualitative analytic method within psychology. Google Scholar. Recent guidelines for thematic analysis (Braun & Clarke, 2013, p. 50) categorise suggestions by the type of data collection and the size of the 670 A.J.B. This book will be an essential read for anyone contemplating a qualitative research project' Guy Faulkner University of Toronto 2013: Thematic Analysis. Drawing principally on Braun and Clarke’s (2013, 2006) work, the chapter outlines when the use of this method is suitable and makes practical suggestions about how to plan and conduct TA research. 1053: 2014: Using thematic analysis in sport and exercise research. Drawing principally on Braun and Clarke’s (2013; 2006) … With qualitative research methods an integral part of the psychology curriculum, questions arise of what approaches to teach, and how to teach them. This is intended as a starting- rather than end- point! Potts Downloaded by [University College London] at 06:21 07 October 2015 . Generating initial codes. This flexibility can apply to theoretical assumptions, research questions, data collection and analysis. This chapter introduces thematic analysis (TA), a method that has become a widely-used tool for analysing qualitative data, both in psychology and beyond. In 2006 Braun and Clarke published an article that described to novice researchers how to use thematic analysis in a step-by-step manner. V Braun, V Clarke . The purpose of this … ... Virginia Braun, Victoria Clarke No preview available - 2013. Braun, Clarke & Hayfield Thematic Analysis Part 3 1. Becoming familiar with the data. Thematic analysis is a widely used method of analysis in qualitative research. Let’s consider coding reliability approaches first, which are exemplified by the work of US researchers such … V Braun, V Clarke, G Terry. Questioning data saturation as a useful concept for thematic analysis and sample-size rationales. This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Monday, May 1, 2017. Thematic analysis has been poorly branded, yet widely used in qualitative research (Braun & Clarke, 2006), and has been rarely appreciated in the same way as grounded theory, ethnography, or phenomenology.Braun and Clarke (2006) argued that thematic analysis should be a foundational method for qualitative analysis, as it provides core skills for conducting many other forms of qualitative … In this brief commentary, we critically reflect on the use of thematic analysis, and particularly the approach to thematic analysis we have outlined, in counselling and psychotherapy research. 1. Phase 2: Generate the … According to Braun and Clarke (2013), there are six phases of Thematic Analysis. In both phases, the researcher is expected to transcribe the interview, and obtain the sense … We identify the distinct characteristics of our thematic analysis approach, and highlight some common areas of confusion and poor practice in published thematic analysis research in counselling and psychotherapy. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically ßexible approach to Revised on August 14, 2020. The Psychologist, 26 (2), 120-123. She is currently editor (with Nicola Gavey) of the journal Feminism & Psychology (Sage, UK). The question of epistemology is usually determined when a research project is being conceptualized, although epistemology may also raise its head again during analysis, when the … If you encounter a problem downloading a file, please try again from a laptop or desktop. Braun and Clarke (2006) state that thematic analysis is a foundational method of analysis that needed to be defined and described to solidify its place in qualitative research. Successful Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for Beginners is an accessible, practical textbook. mentioned. Successful Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for Beginners Virginia Braun, Victoria Clarke No preview available - 2013. Searching for themes. ... Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2013). Fugard and H.W.W. Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2013). We first outline the history and context of TA, and identify key issues that need to be considered when conducting TA. Few policy studies employing TA contain a transparent discussion of research methods. We've developed this site to provide a key resource for people are interested in learning about, teaching about, and/or doing, TA – especially the approach we’ve developed: reflexive thematic analysis. According to Braun and Clarke (2013), there are six phases of Thematic Analysis.
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